How Geometry Is Used in Soccer


All across the globe, numerous people in different places love soccer. Over the years, this amazing game of teamwork and skillfulness has certainly captured the attention and the hearts of many. So where does geometry enter the picture? Geometry, a mathematical subject area focusing on the study of shapes, sizes, measurements, and comparative standpoints of various figures, is actually considered a practical field that plays a major role in soccer. After all, those who are familiar with this particular sport know that it greatly involves shapes, areas, and measurements much more than the formations that the players apply.

The Soccer Field

One basic concept in geometry is symmetry or balance. If you examine various soccer fields, you will find that they are all marked evenly. What you find on one side is always replicated on the other. This is a literal representation of what is known as a level playing field.

Fundamentally, the shape of a soccer field is rectangular. There are specific lengths that are expressed either in yards or meters in measuring the rectangle. Certainly, you will see that there are plenty of other shapes to find in this field— the penalty area and penalty arc, the center circle, the goal area, and the corner arc among others.

There are governing laws to follow when making the markings in a soccer field. Therefore, the groundsman should ensure that these are complied with to meet given requirements. I myself have experienced officiating in actual games. In my observation, there are arcs that seem to appear like ordinary melons. Goal posts may also come as round or square-shaped so long as the width is the same as that of the goal line. It is also important to note that standard measurements are utilized for the penalty area and the center circle. For instance, the penalty area has to possess a length of 44 yards and a width of 18 yards. Indeed symmetry can be vital if you want to determine the location of the goal posts and goal area.

The perfect symmetry is surely necessary when planning and marking the soccer field. The above standardized measurements should also be met in order for the field to be approved by law.

The Soccer Ball

Geometry is also essential in pinpointing the type of ball that should be used in a soccer match. Naturally, one of the basic requirements is that the shape of the ball must be spherical. If not, the ball will not be rolled or used properly in the game. Furthermore, a circumference of about 27 to 28 inches is compulsory. There are laws also pertaining to the geometrical specifications of the soccer ball. Despite the improvements and innovations being undertaken to enhance the ability of the ball to increase goal scores, the standardized requirements remain the same.

The Soccer Game

Being knowledgeable about angles and measurements will significantly benefit soccer players during a game. The victorious completion of passes is largely enhanced when the players know how to determine angles. For example, as an opponent is about to pass the ball to a teammate, you can do a quick review of the relative positioning of the players on the field so as to block the pass or to hamper their paths. And in the case that a teammate of yours forwards the ball “too square”, this makes it harder to get to the attacking third.

If you are in the role of an attacker, it would help to make use of wider angles. Instead of applying a direct route, pass the ball through broad angles and you will diminish the risk of an opponent seizing the ball from your side. Indeed this example is a superb application of knowledge on angles. Of course soccer players are not required to be good in geometry to be able to do this. Nevertheless, studying geometry in relation to soccer will contribute a lot to taking away more trial and error attempts.

In taking the role of a goalkeeper, it is also important to know about angles. The positioning of a goalkeeper is essential to narrow the angle through which the opponent can attain the goal and score. It does not work the same way for the keeper, though. Shot stopper frequently slip off from the goal line when they need to face penalties. This is also done when there are attackers coming. Applying geometry here, you realize that you have to make the distance shorter for the same angle so that there will also be a thinner gap for the two sides of a triangle. In the decision on team formations, triangulation has a huge effect on soccer.

Indeed geometry is a big player in soccer where fundamental techniques are utilized and where team formations are concerned, along with the technical aspects of the field and ball used. Also, symmetry should be highly considered. In using geometry, you will know how to mark an arc properly and you can avoid making the center circle oval-shaped instead of perfectly round. If this happens, the ball will not roll right and goalkeepers will tend to stay on the goal line when the attackers are coming. Geometry is surely crucial in soccer.

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